Rabbi executed at the beginning of the 2nd century accused of pronouncing the name of God, the Tetragrammaton


By Queruvim


In the Talmud in a treatise called Avodah Zara # (circa 200 CE) we can read about the execution of Rabbi Hanina Ben Teradyon (135 CE), burned at the stake by the Romans for having pronounced the name of God “according to its letters.” Below is a correct translation of the treatise without additions. I wonder that the  Jewish Encyclopedia omits the specific reasons for the death of the rabbi. Of course not to disclose what they traditionally reject, the true name of God. (It is not Adonay!)






The Mishnah (circa 2º century C.E) states: “And when the priests and the people which stood in the Temple Court heard the Expressed Name come forth from the mouth of the High Priest, they used to kneel and bow themselves and fall down on their faces and say, ‘Blessed be the name of the glory of his kingdom for ever and ever!’” (Yoma 6:2)

Of the daily priestly blessings, Sotah 7:6 says: “In the Temple they pronounced the Name as it was written, but in the provinces by a substituted word.”  There is, therefore, no genuine basis for assigning any time earlier than the first and second centuries C.E. for the development of the superstitious view calling for discontinuance of the use of the divine name.



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